What Is Neuropathy and What Causes It?

Neuropathy is a medical term that refers to a type of malfunction or disease that affects the nerves, the disease is classified based on the location and the type of the affected nerves.

Neuropathy can also be classified based on the disease that helped causing it, for example if your diabetes is the reason behind you having neuropathy then it’s called diabetic neuropathy.

Neuropathy commonly exists in people with diabetes, especially those who have a long history it, the best way to protect yourself is to always monitor your blood pressure and your glucose level (sugar).

There are different types of neuropathy (Peripheral neuropathy, cranial neuropathy, autonomic neuropathy, and focal neuropathy).

Types of Neuropathy

  • Peripheral Neuropathy: is a nerve damage that affect the nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, peripheral neuropathy also affect the extremities nerves such as toes, feet, legs, hands, fingers, arms. Proximal Neuropathy is a nerve damage that specifically affects the thighs, buttocks or hips.
  • Autonomic Neuropathy: is a nerve damage in the voluntary nervous system (body system), it affects the nerves that are responsible for the heart, blood circulation, blood pressure, bowel and bladder functions, digestion, sexual response and perspiration, other organs may as well get damages.
  • Cranial Neuropathy: is a nerve damage that affects the 12 cranial nerves, those are the nerves that exit directly from the brain. There are two type of cranial neuropathy.
    Optic Neuropathy affects the optic nerves that are responsible for transmitting the visual signals from the retina of the eye to the brain. Auditory Neuropathy affects the nerves that are responsible for carrying signals from the inner ear to the brain, and are responsible for hearing.
  • Focal Neuropathy: usually it’s restricted to damaging one nerve, or one area of the body or a group of nerves. Its symptoms are hard to detect because they often appear suddenly.

What causes Neuropathy?

Diabetes is the most frequent cause of neuropathy, the risk of having diabetic neuropathy grows with age, being overweight, not monitoring your blood pressure, and the duration of diabetes.

There are other reasons that can cause neuropathy such as

  • Alcoholism
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency
  • Drugs and medications
  • Toxins and poisons
  • Trauma/injury
  • Tumor (nerve tumors whether they were benign or malignant)
  • Infections ( AIDS, Lyme disease, syphilis)
  • Kidney or Thyroid disease
  • Genetic or inherited disorders (Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease)
  • Idiopathic: it’s a medical term that means the cause is unknown!

Neuropathy Symptoms

Neuropathy symptoms depends on which nerves are damaged, the degree of the damage and the type of neuropathy.

While neuropathy symptoms are often spotted, sometimes the disease start suddenly without any showing symptoms. Commonly, people describe the pain as burning or a tingling sensation.

Peripheral Neuropathy damages the sensory nerves, the common symptoms are tingling in the feet or hands, loss of feeling, numbness, and extreme sensitivity to touch.

When motor nerves are damaged (motor nerves control movement), the common symptoms are muscle weakness, loss of muscle mass, loss of reflexes, cramps.

Autonomic neuropathy damages the autonomic nerves that are responsible for the function of organs and glands, this kind of neuropathy have a wide variety of symptoms like nausea, vomiting, fainting and dizziness, heat intolerance, constipation or diarrhea, low blood sugar level (which makes it hard for diabetes to detect the disease), bowl or bladder problems, digestive problems.

How to prevent Neuropathy?

Unfortunately neuropathy that occurs for genetic or inherited reasons isn’t preventable, all the can be done is to take precaution that would only delay the disease.

If you are diabetic you can help prevent the disease by doing the following:

  • Regular blood sugar level check.
  • Frequent checkup.
  • Having a healthy diet.
  • Having a regular workout routine.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Drink alcohol in moderation.
  • Foot care (protect your feet while exercising).

If you have neuropathy and you’re looking for a natural way to cure it then check out the Neuropathy Miracle.

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